A Roadmap to Electrifying Your Fleet
Increasingly, organizations are setting goals to reduce emissions and improve operational fleet efficiency. However, with these ambitious goals, it can be difficult to know where to start. You’ll likely be asking yourself questions like, “What vehicles should be replaced?” and “How can the new Electric Vehicles (EVs) be monitored to ensure they are being used efficiently?” To help you get started, here is an electrification roadmap that will clearly illustrate and communicate a plan of action that matches and achieves your organizational-wide goals.
Step 1: Vehicle cohort selection
Selecting a group of internal combustion engine (ICE) vehicles is needed to begin your electrification process. Generally, the more ambitious the goal, the larger the initial vehicle selection is. The more vehicles that are in the cohorts, results in more potential suitable EVs that can be integrated into your fleet and amplify the environmental and operational efficiency results. The cohort selection process can be; subjective based on vehicle job type, more systematic such as selecting the oldest vehicles that are nearing the end of their life cycle, or a statistically random selection of vehicles across your fleet. You could also select every vehicle in the fleet to expedite the fleet electrification goals. Once cohort selection is complete, whether it is 20, 30, 100, or the whole fleet of ICE vehicles, it is time to start collecting data to assess which electric vehicles are suitable for the fleet.
Step 2: Electric Vehicle Suitability Assessment
With a growing variety of EVs on the market today, and more added every year, it is difficult to make informed decisions on which EVs should be purchased. A proper assessment is key to making informed decisions on EV integration prior to committing to any EV purchases. An EV assessment is derived from high-quality vehicle side data.
A scientific Electric Vehicle Suitability Assessment (EVSA) conducts this critical assessment that includes the use of modeling software that runs each ICE vehicle’s duty cycle on market available EVs. Think of it as virtually test-driving multiple EVs. This type of assessment ensures the chosen EVs meet the range requirements of the ICE vehicles duty cycle. The next step in the fleet electrification roadmap is to ensure the economics make sense.
Step 3: Feasibility
Conducting a scientific ICE vehicle assessment that uses driver side data directly from the being replaced, allows for precise insight as to which EVs are the right fit for the fleet. As part of the results of the suitability assessment (discussed in the section above), it is possible to accurately project total cost of ownership savings by implementing EVs. You can also calculate the total fleet reduction of greenhouse gases, other noxious gases, and air-contaminating particles for different vehicle models. This is a highly accurate method of predicting vehicle and fleet performance prior to EV deployment. The next step of the electrification roadmap and purchasing the identified EVs and charging equipment.
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Step 4: Purchasing EVs and charging infrastructure
It is time to buy. Feel confident in the vehicles purchased as driver side data has been leveraged to take the guesswork out of the decision-making process.
You will also want to consider how you will charge your vehicles and consider how you will place and scale your charging infrastructure. There are three different ways to charge an EV:
Level 1 Charging: Most practical for home applications using a standard household (120v). Level 1 chargers provides between 2 and 5 miles per hour of charging.
Level 2 Charging: Uses an Electric Vehicle Service Equipment (EVSE) to provide power at 220v or 240v and up to 30 amps. Drivers can add 10-25 miles of range in an hour of charging at at home, public or commercial applications.
DC Fast Charging: Some refer to this charging as Level 3 charging. fast chargers deliver about 80% charge in 30 minutes. These chargers are great for home, public, or commercial applications.
It is now time to optimize the electric vehicles that have been integrated into the fleet.
Electric fleet management
For a fully optimized fleet, it is important to monitor the EVs to track driving utilization and charging behavior.
EV telematics platforms should have the following capabilities:
- Collect trip-by-trip data and automatically records electric miles traveled without having to piece together charging data.
- Identifies locations where your vehicles are stationary for prolonged periods to improve your EV infrastructure and add critical range to your plug-in vehicles.
- Keeps an automated record of all diagnostic trouble codes (DTCs) reported by the vehicle, and automatically alerts you of any new ones, allowing you to service the vehicle before an issue occurs.
- An automated odometer reader so you can intelligently schedule your preventative maintenance over regular intervals.
- Tracking the routes your vehicles are currently taking, and optimize them to make the best use of your assets – saving on time, energy, and labor costs.
- Customized geofences around specific locations allowing for instant alerts when a vehicle enters or leaves a designated area.
- Monitoring the battery state-of-health (SOH). With SOH tracking, you can differentiate between operational issues reducing range and a fading battery.
An electric vehicle telematics system enables accessibility to get this data at a vehicle-level, including charging from networked EVSEs, non-networked EVSEs, and public stations. Not only does this allow for easy calculations of vehicle charging costs, but it also allows for the reimbursement of the drivers who take their vehicles home and charge overnight.
Step 5: Select new cohort and repeat
Congratulations, the fleet has now been electrified (or at least part of it). Now, it is time to repeat these steps (if you have more vehicles you want to replace) until you have executed and achieved your goal(s).
Following this fleet electrification roadmap will ensure organizational emissions and fleet efficiency goals are achieved.
FleetCarma has a e unique product suite that helps enable you and your organization to follow the fleet electrification roadmap.